Size: 17 inches
Diet: Primarily carpenter ants and other insects
Habitat: Mature forest
Sign: Deep oval or rectangular holes in rotten wood
Sound: Deep drumming or 10-15 “cuk” calls
Territory: 150-200 acres
The pileated woodpecker is the largest woodpecker in North America, except for the similar Ivory-Billed Woodpecker (20 inches), which is thought to be extinct.
Size: 8 inches
Diet: Insects, sap and fruit
Habitat: Mixed woodlands and orchards
Sapsuckers will drill small holes in horizontal rows, and then come back to the same tree later once the sap has started to flow (too many sapsucker visits will actually kill the tree!) Insects attracted to the sap become a bonus snack. Sapsucker tongues have stiff hairs on them for collecting sap.
Size: 6 inches
Diet: Mostly insects
Habitat: Active and widespread; forests, parks, and suburbs
The Downy Woodpecker can easily be confused with the larger Hairy Woodpecker, but the length of the beak can help distinguish the two. The Downy Woodpecker has a beak that is shorter than its head, but the Hairy Woodpecker's beak is about the same length as its head.
Size: 5 inches
Diet: Insects and larvae
Song: 4 clear whistles, sounds like “trees, trees, beautiful trees”
Brown Creepers "creep" along tree trunks foraging for food. They rotate up the trunk from the bottom to the top, searching for insects with their beak among the crevices of the bark before flying down to the bottom of another tree.
Sounds recorded by William W.H. Gunn, Geoffrey A. Keller, and Gregory F. Budney; Courtesy of Macaulay Library ©Cornell Lab of Ornithology.